The genesis of mechanical / digital computing can be traced back to Blaise Pascal and GW Liebnitz. Charles Babbage was the first to imagine a machine that could process data. He designed first a different engine, an analytical engine and an all purpose calculating machine. Year 1904: Discovery of thermionic valve. Year 1938: Konrad Zeus built the world's first binary digital computer, the Z1.
Year 1941: Zeus completed the first fully functional program-controlled electromechanical digital computer, the Z3. Year 1946: The first glimpse of the ENIAC, a machine built by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert. Year 1948: Claude Shannon identified the bit as the fundamental unit of data and the basic unit of computation. Year 1951: The UNIVAC I developed. Year 1952: John von Neumann's IAS computer became operational.
Year 1953: IBM shipped its first electronic computer, the 701. Year 1955: The first fully transistorized computer, TRADIC. Year 1956: Experiments began for direct keyboard input on computers. Doug Ross wrote a memo advocating direct access. The era of magnetic disk storage dawned with IBM's shipment of a 305 RAMAC TX-0, the first general-purpose, programmable computer built with transistors.
Year 1957: FORTRAN enabled a computer to perform a repetitive task from a single set of instructions by using loops. Commercial compiler for it's UNIVAC. Year 1958: Dataphone, the first commercial modem. COBOL designed for business use. LISP made its debut as the first computer language designed for writing artificial intelligence programs. Year 1962: SpaceWar!, considered the first interactive computer game. Virtual memory emerged.
Year 1963: ASCII developed. Year 1964: BASIC created. Year 1965: PDP-8, the first commercially successful minicomputer. Year 1967: LOGO as a computer language designed. Year 1969: The RS-232-C standard. Year 1970: The birth of ARPANET, the precursor to present internet. Year 1971: 8-inch floppy diskette invented. Ray Thomlinson sends first ever email.
Year 1972: Intel's 8008 microprocessor made its debut. Year 1973: Ethernet method of network connection devised. Year 1975: Telenet: the first commercially packet-switching network and civilian equivalent of ARPANET, was born. Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Micro-Soft. The first issue of BYTE magazine published. Year 1976: Steve Wozniak designed the Apple I, on a single-board computer. The Cray I - the first commercially successful vector processor. Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak from the Apple Computer Company. 5 1/4" Flexible disk drive and diskette were introduced.
Year 1977: Hashim Taylor born! It is the year's only invention! LOL! Year 1978: Epson announces the dot matrix printer. Year 1979: Emoticons bring life into otherwise boring computer newsgroups. Year 1980: The first hard disk drive for microcomputer. The first optical data storage disk. The first Winchester 5.25-inch hard disk drive announced. Microsoft acquires SCP's DOS. Year 1981: Sony shipped the first 3 1/4" floppy disk and drive. the MS-DOS released.
Year 1982: Phillips created an erasable optical disk. The first Cray XPM produced. The first issue of PC Magazine printed. Intel introduced the 6 MHz 80286 microprocessor. Microsoft release MS-DOS 1.1 to IBM. The first IBM PC clone, the MPC. Compaq Portable PC introduced. TCP/IP introduced and Internet's birth. Year 1983: Apple introduced its Lisa. The first personal computer with a graphical User Interface. Compaq introduced first PC clone that used the same software as the IBM PC. Lotus 1-2-3 v. 1.0 hit the market. Iomega introduced the Bernoulli Box storage device. SyQuest storage cartridge system launched. Novell introduced the NetWare network OS. Phillips and Sony develop the CD-ROM Hewlett-Packard unveils microcomputer featuring optical touchscreen. Microsoft Windows and MS-Word 1.0 released. Borland int. releases Turbo Pascal programming language.
Year 1984: Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the first successful mouse-driven computer with GUI. IBM release PC-AT with 286 chip and 16 bit bus and PC Jr. Hewlett Packard introduced the LaserJet printer The word "Cyberspace" used for the first time by William Gibson.
Year 1985: Aldus announced it's PageMaker program for desktop publishing. The C++ emerges as the dominant object-oriented programming language. The first general-interest CD-ROM product released - Grolier encyclopedia. The modern Internet gained support when NSF formed the NSFNET. CD-ROM drives are introduced for computer use. NEC Home Electronics introduced the first multisync monitor. Microsoft shipped Windows 1.0.
Year 1986: Apple designed HyperCard, a software tool for development of in-house applications. IBM introduced its PS/2 machine based on a new architect called MicroChannel. The first IBM to include Intel's 80386 chip, allowing the use of a mouse with IBMs for the first time. Microsoft released OS/2 1.0.
Year 1988: NeXT computer - recognized as an important innovation. PC-clone makers developed EISA Robert Morris' worm flooded the ARPANET. Year 1989: Virtual Reality, a computer generated 3-D environment that allows a user to interact with the realities developed. Intel announced the 486 microprocessor. Year 1990: Microsoft shipped Windows 3.0. The World Wide Web was born when Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, Geneva, developed HTML. Apple unveils and ships the Macintosh Classic. Year 1991: Linus Torvalds develops Linux, in Finland. The NSF allowed commercial use of the Internet for the first time. Intel introduced the PCI local-bus standard for personal computer systems. IBM introduced ThinkPad 700C laptop computer.
Year 1993: Intel introduced Pentium processor. Microsoft comes up with Windows NT OS. Creative's Sound Blaster 16 Card hit the market. Apple launched Newton MessagePad - personal digital assistant. The NCSA released Mosaic 1.0, first graphical www web browser. Netscape Navigator 1.0, a www browser, born. Iomega launched its Zip drive and Zip disks. 150 countries connected via internet and 50 million people got online. Year 1995: The NSF decommissioned the internet backbone, leaving the internet a self supporting industry. IBM announced PC-DOS 7. Microsoft hits the world with Windows 95. I (Hashim Taylor) celebrated my 18th Birthday :P
Year 1996: Corel purchased WordPerfect, Quattro Pro and the PerfectOffice application suite from Novell. Microsoft released Windows NT 4.0 Microsoft unveils Windows CE operating system for handheld PCs. CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) is announced. Year 1997: AMD introduced K6 processor. Year 1998: Celeron processor shipped Steve Jobs introduced the iMac. Microsoft released Windows 98. America Online buys Netscape Communications. Motorola officially introduced the G4 processor.
Year 2000: Microsoft unveils Windows 2000 OS and Windows ME. BeOS v5 OS for PCs released. Palm III c handheld computer released. Microsoft launches the pocket PC that runs on Microsoft Windows CE 3.0. Corel released WordPerfect Office 2000 for Linux. Apple releases MAC X DR 4. Compaq introduced the iPAQ Pocket PC handheld computer. Intel announce Pentium 4. Microsoft unveils it's C# (Called C Sharp) language. Apple introduced the PowerMac G4 Cube. AMD shipped 1.1 GHz Athlon processor.