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Thursday, June 21, 2007

EVOLUTION OF COMPUTER - TIMELINE


EVOLUTION OF COMPUTER - TIMELINE

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EVOLUTION OF COMPUTER

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The genesis of mechanical / digital computing can be traced back to Blaise Pascal and GW Liebnitz. Charles Babbage was the first to imagine a machine that could process data. He designed first a different engine, an analytical engine and an all purpose calculating machine.
Year 1904:
Discovery of thermionic valve.
Year 1938:
Konrad Zeus built the world's first binary digital computer, the Z1.

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Year 1941:
Zeus completed the first fully functional program-controlled electromechanical digital computer, the Z3.
Year 1946:
The first glimpse of the ENIAC, a machine built by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert.
Year 1948:
Claude Shannon identified the bit as the fundamental unit of data and the basic unit of computation.
Year 1951:
The UNIVAC I developed.
Year 1952:
John von Neumann's IAS computer became operational.

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Year 1953:
IBM shipped its first electronic computer, the 701.
Year 1955:
The first fully transistorized computer, TRADIC.
Year 1956:
Experiments began for direct keyboard input on computers. Doug Ross wrote a memo advocating direct access.
The era of magnetic disk storage dawned with IBM's shipment of a 305 RAMAC
TX-0, the first general-purpose, programmable computer built with transistors.

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Year 1957:
FORTRAN enabled a computer to perform a repetitive task from a single set of instructions by using loops.
Commercial compiler for it's UNIVAC.
Year 1958:
Dataphone, the first commercial modem.
COBOL designed for business use.
LISP made its debut as the first computer language designed for writing artificial intelligence programs.
Year 1962:
SpaceWar!, considered the first interactive computer game.
Virtual memory emerged.

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Year 1963:
ASCII developed.
Year 1964:
BASIC created.
Year 1965:
PDP-8, the first commercially successful minicomputer.
Year 1967:
LOGO as a computer language designed.
Year 1969:
The RS-232-C standard.
Year 1970:
The birth of ARPANET, the precursor to present internet.
Year 1971:
8-inch floppy diskette invented.
Ray Thomlinson sends first ever email.
Year 1972:
Intel's 8008 microprocessor made its debut.
Year 1973:
Ethernet method of network connection devised.
Year 1975:
Telenet: the first commercially packet-switching network and civilian equivalent of ARPANET, was born.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen found Micro-Soft.
The first issue of BYTE magazine published.
Year 1976:
Steve Wozniak designed the Apple I, on a single-board computer.
The Cray I - the first commercially successful vector processor.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak from the Apple Computer Company.
5 1/4" Flexible disk drive and diskette were introduced.

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Year 1977:
Hashim Taylor born! It is the year's only invention! LOL!
Year 1978:
Epson announces the dot matrix printer.
Year 1979:
Emoticons bring life into otherwise boring computer newsgroups.
Year 1980:
The first hard disk drive for microcomputer.
The first optical data storage disk.
The first Winchester 5.25-inch hard disk drive announced.
Microsoft acquires SCP's DOS.
Year 1981:
Sony shipped the first 3 1/4" floppy disk and drive.
the MS-DOS released.

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Year 1982:
Phillips created an erasable optical disk.
The first Cray XPM produced.
The first issue of PC Magazine printed.
Intel introduced the 6 MHz 80286 microprocessor.
Microsoft release MS-DOS 1.1 to IBM.
The first IBM PC clone, the MPC.
Compaq Portable PC introduced.
TCP/IP introduced and Internet's birth.
Year 1983:
Apple introduced its Lisa. The first personal computer with a graphical User Interface.
Compaq introduced first PC clone that used the same software as the IBM PC.
Lotus 1-2-3 v. 1.0 hit the market.
Iomega introduced the Bernoulli Box storage device.
SyQuest storage cartridge system launched.
Novell introduced the NetWare network OS.
Phillips and Sony develop the CD-ROM
Hewlett-Packard unveils microcomputer featuring optical touchscreen.
Microsoft Windows and MS-Word 1.0 released.
Borland int. releases Turbo Pascal programming language.

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Year 1984:
Apple Computer launched the Macintosh, the first successful mouse-driven computer with GUI.
IBM release PC-AT with 286 chip and 16 bit bus and PC Jr.
Hewlett Packard introduced the LaserJet printer
The word "Cyberspace" used for the first time by William Gibson.

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Year 1985:
Aldus announced it's PageMaker program for desktop publishing.
The C++ emerges as the dominant object-oriented programming language.
The first general-interest CD-ROM product released - Grolier encyclopedia.
The modern Internet gained support when NSF formed the NSFNET.
CD-ROM drives are introduced for computer use.
NEC Home Electronics introduced the first multisync monitor.
Microsoft shipped Windows 1.0.

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Year 1986:
Apple designed HyperCard, a software tool for development of in-house applications.
IBM introduced its PS/2 machine based on a new architect called MicroChannel.
The first IBM to include Intel's 80386 chip, allowing the use of a mouse with IBMs for the first time.
Microsoft released OS/2 1.0.

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Year 1988:
NeXT computer - recognized as an important innovation.
PC-clone makers developed EISA
Robert Morris' worm flooded the ARPANET.
Year 1989:
Virtual Reality, a computer generated 3-D environment that allows a user to interact with the realities developed.
Intel announced the 486 microprocessor.
Year 1990:
Microsoft shipped Windows 3.0.
The World Wide Web was born when Tim Berners-Lee, a researcher at CERN, Geneva, developed HTML.
Apple unveils and ships the Macintosh Classic.
Year 1991:
Linus Torvalds develops Linux, in Finland.
The NSF allowed commercial use of the Internet for the first time.
Intel introduced the PCI local-bus standard for personal computer systems.
IBM introduced ThinkPad 700C laptop computer.


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Year 1993:
Intel introduced Pentium processor.
Microsoft comes up with Windows NT OS.
Creative's Sound Blaster 16 Card hit the market.
Apple launched Newton MessagePad - personal digital assistant.
The NCSA released Mosaic 1.0, first graphical www web browser.
Netscape Navigator 1.0, a www browser, born.
Iomega launched its Zip drive and Zip disks.
150 countries connected via internet and 50 million people got online.
Year 1995:
The NSF decommissioned the internet backbone, leaving the internet a self supporting industry.
IBM announced PC-DOS 7.
Microsoft hits the world with Windows 95.
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Year 1996:
Corel purchased WordPerfect, Quattro Pro and the PerfectOffice application suite from Novell.
Microsoft released Windows NT 4.0
Microsoft unveils Windows CE operating system for handheld PCs.
CD-ReWritable (CD-RW) is announced.
Year 1997:
AMD introduced K6 processor.
Year 1998:
Celeron processor shipped
Steve Jobs introduced the iMac.
Microsoft released Windows 98.
America Online buys Netscape Communications.
Motorola officially introduced the G4 processor.

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Year 1999:
Cyrix released the MII processor - beats PIII
Apple introduced the G3 PowerBook and the iBook.
AMD released the Athlon processor.
Apple released the Power Mac G4 compter (With Motorola G4)

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Year 2000:
Microsoft unveils Windows 2000 OS and Windows ME.
BeOS v5 OS for PCs released.
Palm III c handheld computer released.
Microsoft launches the pocket PC that runs on Microsoft Windows CE 3.0.
Corel released WordPerfect Office 2000 for Linux.
Apple releases MAC X DR 4.
Compaq introduced the iPAQ Pocket PC handheld computer.
Intel announce Pentium 4.
Microsoft unveils it's C# (Called C Sharp) language.
Apple introduced the PowerMac G4 Cube.
AMD shipped 1.1 GHz Athlon processor.

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Year 2001:
Intel announced hyper-threaded P4 capable of working as two processor.
Napster closes down.

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Year 2001 ONWARD...
We are all aware what happened after year 2001! Soon I'll add the hot happenings of rest of the years.

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The Bytes Measurement: a simple chart

Bytes


Kilobyte1,024Kilobytes

Megabyte1,048,5761,024 Megabytes
Gigabyte1,073,741,8241,048,5761,024Gigabytes
Terabyte1,099,511,627,7761,073,741,8241,048,5761,024





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